In the framework of a development programme of the Arctic region, Russia’s Roscosmos space agency is planning to deploy ten telecommunications and surveillance satellites within the next few years, the RNS news agency reported Thursday.
Each of the three main subsystems of the “Arctic” space programme will have its own management complex and information reception centres.
In particular, the “Arktika-M” subsystem will consist of two spacecraft designed for continuous hydrometeorological monitoring of the region and for heliogeophysical monitoring of the polar area of the surrounding outer space.
The second subsystem, the “Arktika-R,” will also have two spacecraft intended for radar monitoring of the ice situation, control of vessel traffic along the Northern Sea Route and maritime boundaries, detection of man-made and natural emergency situations in the areas of oil and gas production.
In the “Arctic-MS” subsystem’s orbital grouping there will be three spacecraft – the “Arctic-MS1,” responsible for multiservice and mobile communications, and three “Arctic-MS2” that will retransmit emergency and navigation information. Satellites will be able to monitor the entire Arctic region of Russia.
"The launch of the first spacecraft, the “Arktika-M,” is planned for 2018,” Deputy Head of the Russian Space Systems (part of Roscosmos) Anatoly Perminov said, RNS reported.
According to Perminov, the “Arctic” space system will make it possible to comprehensively solve the problems of social and economic development of the Russian Arctic and international transport communication.