Archaeologists have uncovered a wooden pavement of 17-18th centuries on Bolshaya Lubyanka street in central Moscow, Moscow Mayor offcial website reported. A valuable discovery was made, while workers were carrying out planned repairs of the water supply system.
Under a layer of soil, at a depth of one or two metres there were logs covered by paving of a later period – cobblestones laid approximately in the early 20th century.
In narrow trenches of the pavement, scientists also found dozens of artifacts evidencing a dense road traffic: horseshoes, shoe heels, copper coins, nails and ceramics.
“Most of the small findings of the Bolshaya Lubyanka belong to the 19th century. Archaeologists explain this by the fact that on the Lubyanka Square, there once was a fountain with drinking water which used to gather townsfolk from the whole neighbourhood. In addition, coachmen stopped at the fountain to collect water for horses,” the report said.
In the area of the old Lubyanka Square, scientists found traces of buried ditches that once were part of the protective structures of the Kitay Gorod walls.
After surpassing thorough study, small artifacts will be transferred to museum funds or replenish the collection of findings discovered thanks to the “My Street” city renovation programme. Pavements, the remains of the defensive ditch, ramparts and bastions will be preserved and covered with soil again.
At the end of March, while making preparations for the “My Street” programme, archaeologists discovered a secret room at the base of the Kitay Gorod wall. The room helped defenders of Moscow in the 16th century to overhear the enemy soldiers deployed on the other side of the fortress.