The Divnogorye Museum-Reserve is located on the right bank of Don, 80 kilometres south from Voronezh. It is considered to be one of the most-visited sights of the region and is famous for the remnants of medieval Khazar fortress and cave chalk churches of the 17th century.
Churches are carved right into rocks. There are three temples and a monastery inside the complex territory.
Oldenburg Palace appeared in 1887 at the Ramon village. A decade earlier, these lands were purchased by Princess Evgenia Romanovskaya (the Princess of Oldenburg) and a castle in the Old English Style was built by her order.
In 1700, a 58-gun linear ship “Goto Predestinatsia” (“God’s Foresight”) was set on water at the Voronezh shipyard. A ship project was designed personally by Peter the Great. Later on, the vessel participated in the Russian-Turkish war of 1710-1713 and was sold to the Ottoman Empire in 1712. Six years later, it was found unfit and sold for scrap. In 2014, Voronezh shipbuilders constructed a precise historical copy of this ship. Today, it can be seen at the Admiralty Square.
Founded in 1802, Voronezh State Academic Drama Theatre is considered to be one of the oldest in Russia. This building was constructed in 1944, since the previous structure was bombed to the ashes.
Funny monument to a kitten-protagonist of a famous Russian cartoon "The Kitten from Lizyukova Street". Yes, it can be found on Lizyukova street.
History of Khrenovskoy stud farm begins in the early 19th century. The enterprise is famous for the Orel breed of trotting horses which was first bred here. Today, tourists can come for a tour visit or take part in horseback riding.
Museum funds of the Voronezh Museum of Local History is home to more than 170,000 of exhibits. The museum project was approved by the tsar Nicholas I and established in 1894. Initially, the exposition was dedicated to the activities of Peter I, but later the halls dedicated to the history and ethnography of the region were added.
One of the symbols of Voronezh, the Annunciation Cathedral, is one of the tallest Eastern Orthodox churches in the world – its highest point reaches 97 metres above the ground. The existing five-domed building of the cathedral with an attached bell tower was erected between 1998 and 2009. It was patterned after St. Vladimir's Cathedral, built in the late 19th century in a Russo-Byzantine style harking back to the works of Konstantin Thon and demolished by the Bolsheviks in the 20th century.
Perhaps, the most popular monument of the city is dedicated to White Bim Black Ear, a story hero by Gabriel Troepolsky (a writer who lived in the Voronezh region). It is installed on the square in front of the puppet theater (Revolution Avenue, 50). Legend has it that those who seek happiness and luck should rub Bim's ear.
There is a theory that Kostomarovsky Spassky Monastery site was used to serve as refuge for many Christians at the time of iconoclasm in Byzantium. However, the first written mention of the Kostomar Caves refers to the end of 18th century. In Soviet times, the monastery was closed (except for the period from 1946 to 1959). Only in 1997, it was returned to the Russian Orthodox Church, which began the restoration.
Voronezh is a very “convenient” destination if you’re mulling a weekend trip. Several planes from Moscow and St. Petersburg land daily at the modern airport. A flight from the capital will take just about an hour. In addition, Voronezh can be reached by train from Moscow in just 6 hours.
Located just about 500 kilometres away from Moscow, Voronezh is the capital of Black Earth region (Chernozemye in Russian), and can be reached within 6-7 hours drive. Check our photo gallery on what to do and what to see in the city and its area.